Egypt’s Parliament appointed nine new ministers on Tuesday in the latest Cabinet shakeup.
The ministers to join Prime Minister Sherif Ismail’s government are to oversee agriculture, parliamentary affairs, investment and international cooperation, trade, local development, planning, education, higher education and transport. Four deputy ministers were also appointed to the agriculture and planning ministries.
In keeping with the Constitution, the candidates were nominated by Egypt’s executive authorities and voted on by Parliament.
The new ministers are a mixture of parliamentarians, current ministers and former ministers.
Nasr has been minister of international cooperation since Sherif Ismail was first appointed prime minister in September 2015. Her new portfolio has expanded to include the Investment Ministry as well as the Ministry of International Cooperation.
Before her appointment in 2015, Nasr was a leading financial economist in the World Bank’s Finance and Private Sector Development Department for the Middle East and North Africa. Prior to this she worked in the Economic Development Council of the Presidential Office as an economic consultant to President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
Saeed has been dean of the College of Economics and Political Science at Cairo University since 2011, and deputy president of Cairo University for Scientific Research and Foreign Affairs since 2013.
She is the daughter of Helmy Saeed, minister of electricity in the 1970s, and replaces outgoing Planning Minister Ashraf al-Araby.
Abdel Ghaffar has been dean of the College of Dentistry at Cairo’s Ain Shams University since 2014, and vice president of Ain Shams University. He replaces Ashraf al-Shihy.
Meselhy was a member of the National Democratic Party (NDP) under Hosni Mubarak. He was an NDP MP representing Sharqiya Governorate in 2010.
Prior to this he was minister of social solidarity in Ahmed Nazif’s 2005 Cabinet, and he played a pivotal role in the restructuring of subsidies.
Before being appointed current minister of supply, the parliamentarian resigned from the council of representatives and his leadership position in the National Patriotic Movement — a political party established by Mubarak’s last Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq.
Ali Meselhy replaces outgoing minister Mohamed Ali al-Sheikh.
Replacing Essam Fayed as minister of agriculture is Abdel Moneim al-Banna.
Banna was previously head of the state’s Agricultural Research Center, and was involved in several agricultural and water resource management projects in coordination with Italy, France, the Netherlands and the European Union.
Parliament also confirmed the appointment of three deputies in the Agriculture Ministry: Mohamed Hassan as deputy minister for agricultural reclamation, Mona Hassanein as deputy minister for animal resources and fisheries, and Safwat Hammad as deputy minister for agricultural services.
Replacing outgoing Education Minister Al-Helaly al-Sherbiny, in office since September 2015, is Tarek Shawki, who was employed by UNESCO as a technological and educational specialist from 1999-2012, promoted to regional representative from 2008.
Shawki was dean of the School of Science and Engineering at the American University in Cairo from 2012, and was appointed as secretary general of the specialized councils, affiliated with the office of the Egyptian presidency, in 2015.
Mahdy replaces Galal al-Saeed, who was appointed transportation minister in March 2016. He has been a technical specialist in the ministry for six years and was ministerial advisor for roads and tunnels since 2010.
Sherif is the former head of the Cabinet’s Information Decision Support Center, and the founding chair of the Regional Information Technology and Software Engineering Center. He replaces Ahmed Zaki Badr, minister of local development since September 2015.
Arafa rose to prominence as deputy to Justice Hossam Abdel Rehim, and replaces Magdy al-Agaty, who was minister of parliamentary affairs since September 2015.
Arafa’s younger brother Mohamed Arafa, who was also a judge, was killed in May 2015 in an attack during the parliamentary elections in Arish, North Sinai.