Spanish team discovers 3,000-year-old tomb with colorful sarcophagus in Luxor
Courtesy: Antiquities Ministry's Thutmosis III Temple Project

A team of Spanish archaeologists unearthed a tomb with an intact sarcophagus and mummy in Luxor governorate that may date back over 3,000 years.

The tomb was discovered on the west bank of the Nile in Luxor (formerly Thebes), just outside the southern wall of King Thutmosis III’s Temple of Millions of Years, and is estimated to date back to Ancient Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period (circa 1069 BC to 664 BC), according to a statement issued by the Antiquities Ministry on Sunday.

Antiquities Ministry's Thutmosis III Temple Project

Tomb outside King Thutmosis III’s temple. Photo courtesy of Egypt’s Antiquities Ministry

The owner of the sarcophagus has been identified as Aman Er-Nef, who held the title, “servant of the royal household,” and was likely a nobleman who served in the mortuary temple of King Thutmosis III (who reigned circa 1479 BC to 1425 BC).

The well-preserved sarcophagus contains many colorful inscriptions that include a number of ancient Egyptian religious symbols, including depictions of protector goddesses Isis and Nephthys with outstretched wings, the gods known as the “four sons of Horus” and the symbol of the sun, the ministry’s statement said, citing Myriam Seco Álvarez, the archaeologist heading up the Spanish team.

Thutmosis III Temple Project

Courtesy: Antiquities Ministry's Thutmosis III Temple Project

The excavation and restoration of Thutmosis III’s temple first started in 2008 as a collaborative effort between Egypt’s Ministry of State for Antiquities and Spain’s Academy of Fine Arts of Seville. The process has uncovered a wide array of ancient artifacts, including mummies, sarcophagi, pottery, vessels and funerary jewelry, among other hidden treasures.


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